Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which nerves are compromised as an effect of high blood sugar levels. Statistics show that nearly 60% – 70% of diabetics go through some kind of neuropathy. This condition may present itself in different ways. Some of the symptoms may contain tingling, burning, and numbness in your hands or feet. It is the result of nerve damage also titled as “Peripheral Neuropathy.”
The four types of diabetic neuropathy are:
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Autonomic neuropathy
- Femoral neuropathy
However, it is important to know that not all who have come across these symptoms realize they have this condition.
Peripheral neuropathy can result in the below symptoms
This is by far the most frequent type of diabetic neuropathy, and it troubles the nerves present in your legs, feet, arms, and hands.
- Tingling or burning sensation
- Pain prevalent at the end of nerves
- Inability to feel any pain when the temperature changes
- Pain in the feet, hands, arms, or legs while moving
- Weakness and difficulty while moving
- Issues in the legs and foot due to infection, joint pain, and other deformities
- Loss of appetite
- Low blood pressure
- Sharp pains or cramps
- Muscle weakness
Lowering blood glucose levels can help avert and possibly reverse some of the effects of diabetic neuropathy. Physical therapy is an efficient treatment that can help restore balance as well as the sensation that has been lost.
More About Diabetic Foot Pain
Nerve Difficulties and Diabetes
The most frequent reason for diabetic foot pain is due to Peripheral Neuropathy. It is where the nerves are greatly affected by the disease. There are three kinds of peripheral neuropathy: sensory, autonomic, and motor neuropathy.
A great percentage of pain most diabetics suffer from is caused due to sensory neuropathy. It can come up as sensitive pain, where the pain is not relative to the extent of insult that is causing it. For example, just touching your skin or placing a sheet over your feet in bed could result in pain. It can be prevalent at the same time as numbness in your feet. Sensory neuropathy signs can show up in the form of burning, stabbing pain, or tingling.
Keep Your Muscles Active and Joints Moving
Now, Autonomic neuropathy troubles the nerves in places that are not under the influence of our conscious control. In addition, the sweating mechanism alters so a diabetic who has this condition can have thickened, dry cuticles and pale colored nails. Besides these issues, they may also notice stiff, cracked skin that is prone to the development of thicker calluses with increased pain. It can further lead to fungal and bacterial infection―an additional source of pain and added trouble.
Circulation problems in your feet may result in increased pain, even though your feet may be numb to the touch. It is a result of elevated blood sugars in the arteries, veins, and capillaries. Arteries transport fresh blood away from the heart. This blood sustains and gives oxygen to tissues. The blood gets in and exits the tissues through the help of capillaries and runs back up to the heart to get revived with oxygen and nourished.
Now that you are aware of this mechanism in our body, the arteries most frequently affected are those present right behind the calf and the knee. These arteries are subject to the same old fatty deposits that most have. However, this whole process can get highly accelerated in diabetes. As a result, these fatty deposits thicken the walls of arteries and can also lead to calcium deposits.
More than that, blood flow to the feet would get partially or completely blocked. Since the tissues are oxygen deprived, it can be a highly painful stage.
The veins can also get extremely painful and enlarged. It occurs when arteries can no longer handle the available blood flow. Small channels are made to send the blood over to veins rather than trying to force the blood through the arteries. At times, there is more blood flow to the veins. As a result, they get so full that the valves get damaged. Consequently, blood then gets pooled in the legs and feet and can come out into the skin, leading to ulceration, which can be extremely painful.
Diabetics become more exposed to fungal and yeast infections because of medical and nutritive changes that occur in the body.
Bacterial infections appear in various foot areas that get ulcerated or injured. The symptoms of this infection consist of redness, bulging, pain, and tenderness, including pus. This type of infection can occur on the skin, known as cellulitis, or can even advance to the bone. When this infection gets extended to the bone, it is known as osteomyelitis. It is strange that even when a diabetic may suffer from numbness in foot, they may feel pain when they get a bacterial infection. If a diabetic unexpectedly gets pain when their feet are feeling numb, it can be a clue that an infection is there, and a doctor must be contacted without any delay.
It is essential to know that not all diabetics can instantly feel the pain of these problems. Therefore, it is best to have their feet inspected every day. Be proactive and cautious.
The circulatory damage can cause neuropathy in the extremities, especially the feet. As nerves die off, you do not feel pain from blisters or sharp objects. It becomes very easy to get an infection. Poor circulation and an infection is a terrible combination, and it can potentially lead to gangrene. Proper diabetes management and foot care help prevent complications that can result in toe amputation.
Here are few more issues you need to be aware of in detail:
Diabetic foot ulcer is a big issue of diabetes mellitus, and could be the main cause of pain. If your feet get cut by walking on small stones, then they do not heal well. Even small injuries like these can develop into ulcers.
Sometimes a specific wound can produce numbness or tingling, such as an injured nerve in your neck or a herniated disk in your spine. Placing pressure on a nerve is a common cause. Carpal tunnel syndrome, scar tissue, enlarged blood vessels, infection, or a tumor can all place pressure upon a nerve.
How Orthotics Help Relieve Diabetic Foot Pain?
When your feet are in trouble, it is difficult to accomplish simple daily activities. For instance, walking or even standing can turn out to be an uphill task. Making smart shoe choices can help suppress these problems. Many who are already troubled by this condition can pick orthotics shoe inserts especially made to decrease foot pain and allow for better relief through structure and correction.
One in every four adults with diabetics has an issue with their feet. More importantly, it is even more prevalent in those suffering from certain types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. Foot pain, discomfort, and structural issues like bunions and hammertoes due to inflammation and lupus can also advance beyond the feet, which results in shin, knee, and lower back pain.
Orthotics is a term in the medical field used to describe the application of Orthoses. It refers to the use of an external device in the enhancement of the skeletal and neuromuscular system to regulate the movement of a body joint in order to prevent the aggravation of an injury. It also aids in movement while protecting the body through the reduction of weight on a particular area that has been diagnosed as vulnerable while in motion.
Orthoses is also applied for the purpose of rehabilitation where a fracture has occurred after the removal of a cast. In addition, it aids in the shaping of a limb that appears to be deformed, thus causing major discomfort during movement.
Examples of where orthotics is employed include stroke, foot pain, injury to the spinal cord, and cerebral palsy, among others. Conversely, it can be used in cases where an individual is prone to injury and requires protection in order to prevent occurrence of the same. Orthoses are generally customized to suit the patient or user to assist in the healing process or prevent injury. Consequently, it depends on the individual circumstances among other factors. As such, a thorough diagnosis is required to determine the best form of treatment or injury prevention.
Orthotics uniformly distributes weight and reduces pressure quite effectively in sensitive places of the feet. They also offer extra cushioning for more balance on the lower half of the body. It also smartly deals with any structural abnormalities.
Diabetic foot pain can affect anyone at any time. So whether you are an athlete or industrial worker standing for long hours at the workplace, you can opt for quality orthotics.
By using custom orthotics, you can get considerable relief from pain while improving feet stability and endurance. It is also ideal for those battling with weight issues, as orthotics decreases stress and keeps users mobile. You can also count on orthotics to reduce muscle fatigue and improve overall movement while doing any activity. The best part is they cost considerably less in comparison to other forms of pain relieving products and solutions available in the market.
Most research studies find that those who opt for orthotics have decreased foot pain and require fewer pain-relieving medicines. Some also indicate custom-made inserts result in a long-term shift in biomechanics that can effectively slow or altogether prevent the advancement of arthritis.
The Best Option for Diabetic Foot Pain Relief: Footstar Orthotics
Insoles are often prescribed to reduce elevated pressure and pain in those suffering from the development of diabetic foot pain. Getting the best pair of diabetic insoles can result in a big change of how your feet feel after a hectic day at the office, the local gym, or at home. By using a good pair of premium custom made insoles, you can significantly improve your condition, experience better comfort, and decrease risks of any injury.
If your feet are frequently troubling you or if you require added arch support, you must consider buying a pair of quality custom insoles, which can protect and save your feet and joints in the process.
Footstar Orthotics are specifically made to fit the unique size and shape of your feet. Moreover, we avail the gait analysis and state of the art foot modeling to come up with the right fit. Now we will explain more about the specific process we undertake:
The method we harness is simple and easy. We send you a foam impression kit or box, which will be useful to take the exact shape of your foot. Once you send it back to us, we get to work using modern laser scanners to measure and take note of every contour of your foot. As a result, we make comfortable orthotics that you can wear for any type of activity or just for daily usage.
Our orthotics come in a wide range of varieties, and the best part is we deliver them right to your doorstep. From everyday wear purposes to dance shoes, sandals or high heels, you can find them all at Footstar. We produce durable and well supportive insoles that help relieve your diabetic foot pain. Whether you love wearing loafers or sneakers, or you need insoles for your work boots, you can count on us to come up with the right custom fit insoles.
You no longer have to worry about wearing regular orthotics that don’t fit well, and you don’t have to run around looking for the ideal insoles. We have a rich history in the foot care industry, and our mission is to help you lead a better life through effective pain relief. No matter what kind of foot problems or issues you might have, we offer the best solutions to make your life easy. Count on us to come up with the best custom fit insoles.
You will find that you no longer feel heel discomfort and pain with our high-quality orthotics in no time.